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Oxygen has been used in the resuscitation of newborn infants for over two centuries. Caution around the use of high concentrations of inspired oxygen (FiO2) for neonatal resuscitation has driven research to determine whether room air is a safe and effective alternative. Based on randomised controlled trials and relevant systematic reviews,1 the Resuscitation Council (UK)2 and the European Resuscitation Council3 recommend that term infants should be resuscitated initially in room air, and preterm infants in blended oxygen, guided by pulse oximetry. The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation4 advocates that term infants should be resuscitated in room air, and that the administration of supplementary oxygen should be guided by pulse oximetry.
The aim of the study was to examine whether centres …
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