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Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disorder of retinal vascular development in premature infants and is a major cause of childhood blindness worldwide. Dhaliwal et al conducted a prospective, population-based study looking at the incidence of ROP in the Lothian region of south-east Scotland from 1990 to 2004 and found the following1:
(1) Significant increase in survival of infants with birth weight <1500 g and/or gestational age <32 weeks
(2) Significant reduction in the number of infants treated for ROP
(3) Reduction in the incidence of any degree of ROP and severe (stage 3 or greater) ROP although both did not reach statistical significance.
Treatment criteria for ROP have changed in Lothian …
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