Introduction Maternal serum PAPP-A (pregnancy associated plasma protein-A) is a part of combined screening. Previous studies have shown correlation between low PAPP-A and adverse pregnancy outcome.
Objective The aim of this study is to establish the positive predictive value of low-PAPP-A in prediction of adverse pregnancy outcomes - pre-eclampsia (PET), pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), delivery of small for gestational age neonates (SGA) and late pregnancy losses.
Materials and Methods 16690 women underwent combined screening from 1/8/2008 to 1/8/2011. 326 women with low PAPP-A (=<0.3 MoM) were identified (1.95%). The median PAPP-A of the screening population was 1.074 MoM. Within this group of pregnancy with low PAPP-A, maternal serum PAPP-A was compared between the subgroups of adverse pregnancy outcome and normal-outcome.
Conclusion In our screening population, median PAPP-A MoM was higher compared to some previous studies. Maternal serum PAPP-A in pregnancies with adverse outcome was significantly lower than those that resulted in a normal outcome. Compared to the pregnancies with low-PAPP-A but normal outcome, median PAPP-A MoM was significantly lower in pregnancies ending in delivery of small-for-gestational age neonate (customised BW < 10th-centile), and showed a trend towards a decrease in those ending in late-pregnancy losses (>24 weeks).
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