Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 98:F121 doi:10.1136/fetalneonatal-2012-301672
  • Images in neonatal medicine
  • Images in neonatal medicine

Pneumatocoele in a neonate with perinatal tuberculosis

  1. Ishak Shareena1
  1. 1Department of Pediatrics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  2. 2Department of Radiology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  3. 3Department of Clinical Sciences, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Selangor, Malaysia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Rohana Jaafar, Department of Paediatrics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, 56000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; drohana{at}
  • Received 16 January 2012
  • Accepted 20 February 2012
  • Published Online First 11 May 2012

Pneumatocoele, a rare complication of cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), had not been reported previously in neonates. We report here a premature infant of 28 weeks gestation weighing 1150 g who had pneumatocoele following pulmonary TB infection. He was diagnosed to have TB pneumonia at 2 weeks of age (figure 1A) when acid fast bacilli were isolated from his tracheal aspirate. Tracheal aspirate culture and polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium were also positive. He …

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