Background Intrauterine growth restriction has been linked with adverse outcomes including neonatal death, and diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. However, there is no consensus regarding definition of growth restriction.
Objective To determine which definition and threshold of growth restriction best predicts short and long term outcome in term (≥37 weeks gestation) born individuals.
Methods A systematic review was performed according to published guidance. Electronic searches were conducted across multiple databases (inception to April 2011) without language restrictions. Studies were selected by two reviewers and results extracted. Authors were contacted where necessary. Meta-analyses were performed according to birth weight parameter, threshold and outcomes.
Results 90 articles were included, with 23,637,684 individuals. Birth weight <2.5kg had a positive likelihood ratio (LR+ve) 5.26 (95% CI 3.57 to 7.76) to predict neonatal death. A threshold of 1.5kg had LR +ve 49.1 (95% CI 27.2 to 88.54). A threshold of < 10th percentile on population growth chart had LR +ve of 2.48 (95% CI 2.21 to 2.78) for the same outcome. Reducing the threshold to < 5th centile gave LR +ve 4.67 (95 % CI 2.84 to 7.67) and < 3rd centile 6.31 (95% CI 3.57 to 11.14). Birth weight <2.5kg had LR +ve 1.34 (95% CI 0.87 to 2.05) to predict morbidity in adulthood and <10th centile LR+ve 1.23 (95%CI 1.01 to 1.50) for the same outcome.
Conclusion Absolute birth weight is a better predictor of neonatal mortality than centiles. Birth weight by any definition does not predict adult outcomes in term infants.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.