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Pre-eclampsia as an etiology for preterm birth: what is the burden of disease?
  1. SA Vogel1,
  2. R Rajaii2,
  3. AJ Kane1,
  4. Y Cheng1,
  5. G Ottaviano1,
  6. AB Caughey1
  1. 1University of California, San Francisco, USA
  2. 2University of California, Berkeley, USA

Abstract

Objective The authors evaluated the differences in preterm birth rates in the setting of pre-eclampsia by gestational age (GA) at birth and between different racial/ethnic groups.

Study Design This is a retrospective cohort study of all pregnant women delivered in California in 2006, separated into two cohorts: pre-eclampsia and no pre-eclampsia. Outcome data were tabulated by four GA groups (24–27, 28–31, 32–36 and 37–42 weeks) and stratified by race/ethnicity.

Results Women with pre-eclampsia are at a significantly increased risk of delivering at earlier GAs as compared to women without pre-eclampsia at all GA groups analysed (p<0.001): 24–27 weeks, 0.4% vs 1.4%; 28–31 weeks, 0.8% vs 4.9%; and 32–36 weeks, 9.1% vs 28.2%. Preterm delivery rates in the setting of pre-eclampsia varied by race/ethnicity and were significantly lower in Latinas (p<0.001): 31.4% in Latinas, 37.2% in Caucasians, 38.2% in African Americans and 38.9% in Asians.

Conclusion Although African American women without pre-eclampsia experience higher preterm birth rates than other racial/ethnic groups, this effect is not seen in African American women with pre-eclampsia. In the setting of pre-eclampsia, Latinas have fewer preterm births than other racial/ethnic groups.

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