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Influence of three nasal continuous positive airway pressure devices on breathing pattern in preterm infants
  1. Hocine Boumecid1,
  2. Thameur Rakza1,
  3. Abdel Abazine1,
  4. Serge Klosowski2,
  5. Régis Matran1,3,
  6. Laurent Storme1,3
  1. 1Department of Perinatology, CHRU, Lille, France
  2. 2Department of Neonatology, CHG, Lens, France
  3. 3Faculty of Medicine, University of Lille II, France
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Laurent Storme
    Clinique de Médecine Néonatale, Hôpital Jeanne de Flandre, CHRU de Lille, 59037 Lille cédex, France; lstorme{at}chru-lille.fr

Abstract

The pattern of breathing was studied in 13 premature newborns treated by variable-flow Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (NCPAP), conventional NCPAP, and nasal cannulae. Compared to constant-flow NCPAP and nasal cannulae, the variable-flow NCPAP increases tidal volume and improves thoraco-abdominal synchrony, suggesting that variable-flow NCPAP provides more effective ventilatory support than conventional NCPAP or nasal cannulae.

  • NCPAP, Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
  • ΔEELV, dynamic elevation of end-expiratory lung volume
  • EELV, elevation of end-expiratory lung volume
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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None.

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