Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 91:F293-F294 doi:10.1136/adc.2005.080192
  • Short report

Preterm mortality and morbidity over 25 years

  1. R W I Cooke
  1. Correspondence to:
    Professor Cooke
    School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Liverpool, Neonatal Unit, Liverpool Women’s Hospital, Liverpool L8 7SS, UK; mc19{at}
  • Accepted 20 September 2005


Changing preterm population variables have masked improvements in neonatal survival over time. Increased use of antenatal steroids, caesarean section, and surfactant may have reduced the likelihood of mortality and periventricular haemorrhage by a third and doubled that of chronic lung disease, persistent duct, and septicaemia.


  • Competing interests: none declared