Article Text

PDF
Effects of a divided high loading dose of caffeine on circulatory variables in preterm infants
  1. C Hoecker1,
  2. M Nelle2,
  3. B Beedgen1,
  4. J Rengelshausen3,
  5. O Linderkamp1
  1. 1Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
  2. 2Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland
  3. 3Department of Internal Medicine VI, Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacoepidemiology, University of Heidelberg
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Hoecker
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 150, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; c_hoecker{at}hotmail.com

Abstract

Background: A single high loading dose of 25 mg/kg caffeine has been shown to be effective for the prevention of apnoea, but may result in considerable reductions in blood flow velocity (BFV) in cerebral and intestinal arteries.

Objective: To assess the effects of two loading doses of 12.5 mg/kg caffeine given four hours apart on BFV in cerebral and intestinal arteries, left ventricular output (LVO), and plasma caffeine concentrations in preterm infants.

Design: Sixteen preterm neonates of <34 weeks gestation were investigated one hour after the first oral dose and one, two, and 20 hours after the second dose by Doppler sonography.

Results: The mean (SD) plasma caffeine concentrations were 31 (7) and 29 (7) mg/l at two and 20 hours respectively after the second dose. One hour after the first dose, none of the circulatory variables had changed significantly. One hour after the second caffeine dose, mean BFV in the internal carotid artery and anterior cerebral artery showed significant reductions of 17% and 19% (p  =  0.01 and p  =  0.003 respectively). BFV in the coeliac artery and superior mesenteric artery, LVO, Pco2, and respiratory rate had not changed significantly. Total vascular resistance, calculated as the ratio of mean blood pressure to LVO, had increased significantly one and two hours after the second dose (p  =  0.049 and p  =  0.023 respectively).

Conclusion: A divided high loading dose of 25 mg/kg caffeine given four hours apart had decreased BFV in cerebral arteries after the second dose, whereas BFV in intestinal arteries and LVO were not affected.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Published online first 4 October 2005

  • Competing interests: none declared

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.