Static respiratory system compliance (Crs) and lecithin/sphingomyelin (L/S) ratios in tracheal aspirates were estimated in two independent groups of mechanically ventilated infants. Crs was measured rapidly at the cotside using a passive expiratory flow technique and L/S ratios were estimated in the laboratory by high performance liquid chromatography. In the reference group of 22 infants, Crs < 1.8 ml/cm H2O/m predicted surfactant deficiency with a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 92%. In the validation group of 23 infants, Crs < 1.8 ml/cm H2O/m predicted surfactant deficiency with a positive predictive value of 94% and a negative predictive value of 83%. Measurement of static Crs is a rapid, non-invasive technique which may usefully supplement current methods of selecting infants at high risk of respiratory distress syndrome.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.