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New European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and UK guidelines for ‘Resuscitation and support of transition of babies at birth’ were published simultaneously in October 2015.1 Both are based on the evidence derived from a critical evaluation of relevant scientific publications over the preceding 5 years organised and coordinated by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR).2 ,3 Where there was no new evidence the guidelines may reflect those evidence evaluations carried out in 20054 or 20105 and incorporate published papers not evaluated by the ILCOR.
This article summarises both the process and the main areas of change (box 1), which, for the most part, are refinements of previous guidelines. It will also briefly discuss ongoing areas of controversy where evidence was insufficient to lead to inclusion.
Main areas of change in the 2015 European Resuscitation Council and UK newborn resuscitation guidelines
The title of the guidelines has been changed from Resuscitation at Birth to Resuscitation and support of transition at birth to reflect an emphasis on supporting transition to air breathing rather than resuscitation.
A delay in the clamping of the cord of at least 1 min from the time of complete delivery of the baby is recommended for all babies when possible.
The newborn baby's temperature should be maintained in the normal range (36.5°C to 37.5°C) unless it is being considered for therapeutic hypothermia. Active steps should be taken to achieve this.
An accurate assessment of heart rate can be made using ECG or pulse oximetry.
Tracheal intubation and suction is no longer routine for any baby born through meconium-stained liquor. Instead the emphasis should be on providing appropriate resuscitative manoeuvres as soon as possible and only intubate the trachea for suction in those infants whose airway is blocked.
Begin the resuscitation of term babies …
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